- Letter-Sound Knowledge
- Produces the sounds that correspond to frequently used *diphthongs ou, oy, and digraphssh, th, ea. (*Diphthong: A vowel produced by the tongue shifting position during articulation; a vowel that feels as if it has two parts, especially the vowels spelled ou and oi.Digraphs: A group of two consecutive letters whose phonetic value is a single sound (e.g., ea in bread; ch in chat; ng in sing.)
- Decoding and Word Recognition
- Uses knowledge of advanced phonic elements (e.g., digraphs and diphthongs), special vowel spelling, and word endings to recognize words.
- Reads compound words, contractions, possessives, and words with inflectional endings.
- Uses word context (semantics: Does it make sense?) and order in the sentence (syntax: Does it sound right?) to confirm or correct decoding efforts.
- Reads multisyllabic words (2-3 syllables) using syllabication and word structure (e.g., base/root word, prefixes, and suffixes) in word recognition.