Phonics: The study of the relationships between letters and the sounds they represent; also used to describe reading instruction that teaches sound-symbol correspondences.
Decoding: The ability to translate a word from print to speech, usually by employing knowledge of sound-symbol correspondences; also the act of deciphering a new word by sounding it out.
Sound to Symbol: Phonics instruction that matches sounds to letters.
Students Should Demonstrate These Skills at the End of Kindergarten:
- Letter-Sound Correspondence Knowledge
- Identifies the letter when someone produces the corresponding sound.
- Says the most common sound associated with individual letters.
- Blends the sounds of individual letters to read one-syllable, short-vowel, decodable words (e.g., sun; map).